What is wet brain syndrome?
You may know someone who drinks a lot and they display some worrying symptoms.
- Slurred speech.
- Eyeballs shifting abnormally as though he/she has absolutely no control over them.
- Intense muscle trembling.
- Disarray and confusion.
- Murmuring about stuff that is obviously a pure invention of his mind.
He is a very sad spectacle to behold, but the truth is grimmer. Failing to deal with this health problem can result in death
What is Wet Brain Syndrome?
Wet brain, also referred to as Wernicke Korsakoff syndrome. This is the outcome of a brain injury as a result of serious thiamine or vitamin B1 shortage. This problem typically advances in a couple of phases if left neglected.
- The initial stage is Wernicke encephalopathy.
- The secondary phase is Korsakoff syndrome, also known as Korsakoff psychosis.
The next phase of the condition, Korsakoff psychosis. This is a persistent form of irreversible brain injury that has an effect on memory. The signs and symptoms of this phase are brought about if Wernicke encephalopathy is not dealt with in a prompt manner. Or is left with no treatment.
What Creates Wet Brain Syndrome?
Although thiamine deficiency is more prevalent in heavy drinkers. Other non-alcoholic issues may trigger this health problem. Among non-drinkers, thiamine insufficiency may be triggered by inadequate diets that do not have this fundamental vitamin.
This is a rare condition called ‘beriberi’. It hinders your capacity to assimilate thiamine from food. You can also get it from anorexia, bulimia and other eating disorders. In some cases, pregnant ladies who have extended bouts of morning sickness can get a thiamine deficiency.
Thiamine deficiency may develop in people who struggle to absorb adequate vitamins and mineral from food. For example, people struggling with persistent diseases such as TB or HIV. Or people who have gone through weight loss surgery sometimes cannot get enough vitamins from their smaller meal sizes.
A few treatments, when carried out for extended phases, may induce thiamine deficit. Lasting diuretic treatment for cardiovascular problems can flush this important nutrient from the body.
Why is Thiamine Deficiency Prevalent In Drinkers?
There are numerous reasons that alcoholic wet brain syndrome is commonplace. Traditionally, thiamine deficiency is connected with alcohol addiction. According to a post by the UNITED STATES Department of Health and Human Services. Alcohol addiction harms the system’s capacity to assimilate thiamine from food sources.
People who consume alcohol intensely must make an attempt to consume meals abundant in thiamine. Or to take a daily vitamin pill to help avoid thiamine deficiency.
Thiamine deficiency in problem drinkers is also prevalent due to the fact that many of these people forget to eat nutrient-rich diets. Possibly since they are too drunk or lack the drive to look after themselves properly.
Although thiamine deficiency may develop in non-drinkers. The danger of getting wet brain syndrome is much bigger in problem drinkers. This is because of the way glucose acts upon the thiamine-deficient person.
Extended sugar ingestion by somebody who has thiamine deficiency raises his danger of getting Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome.
Alcohol And Depression
The Symptoms Of Wet Brain Syndrome
Plenty of research has determined the significance of thiamine in sustaining brain performance. Thiamine also helps with the transmission of signals between brain regions. It also preserves muscle retention and growth.
Thiamine shortage in people addicted to alcohol impacts the mind. Additionally, the peripheral nervous system is hit hard. This can set off a torrent of nasty signs and symptoms.
The common signs and symptoms of Wernicke encephalopathy are:
- Reduction of muscle synchronization (shaking and trembling).
- Sight problems such as double vision.
- Sagging of the eyelids.
- Loss of cognitive capacities that can be deadly.
If Wernicke encephalopathy is not addressed quickly. Korsakoff psychosis forms and harms systems of the brain connected with memory loss. This presents as a serious loss of memory and the incapacity to store new memories.
Other noteworthy signs are fantasizing and making up stories and believing them to be real.
Dr. Korsakoff pinpointed these signs while looking into memory loss in problem drinkers.
Sadly, the signs of thiamine deficiency might not even show for days and weeks. This is not great with a condition that needs prompt treatment.
It is essential that doctors are not only knowledgeable about the symptoms of alcoholic wet brain syndrome. But additionally, understand the background of the drinker to make an accurate diagnosis.
Relatives of problem drinkers should also watch for signs and keep an eye on the eating habits of their loved ones.
Is there a solution for wet brain?
Thankfully, there is a solution for wet brain syndrome provided that it is identified quickly. Fast administering of thiamine hydrochloride by drip must be given. For instance, individuals with acute Wernicke encephalopathy need this treatment 3 times a day for a minimum of 3 days.
Treating Wet Brain Syndrome
The best way of dealing with wet brain syndrome is timely and adequate thiamine. The thiamine needs to be given via a saline drip. This is due to the fact that the human system can use only 5-7 percent of the thiamine consumed by mouth. When a drip is used this number get close to 100%.
This is to be followed by a lower IV dose of thiamine for several more days. INTRAVENOUS treatment must be followed by an ORAL thiamine program. Comatose or unconscious individuals must be looked after at a specialist health facility. Where their vitals may be observed regularly.
However, in some cases dealing with thiamine deficiency poses considerable difficulties. For example, individuals who have formed a deficiency because of poor nutrition might also have lower blood glucose levels.
Low blood glucose demands the rapid administering of sugar and carbohydrates. But giving sugar to thiamine-deficient people can escalate their dangers of getting encephalopathy.
Hypoglycemic individuals need to be given sugar quickly to stop them from going into a coma. But thiamine MUST be given to them as equally as quickly as their blood glucose levels stabilize.
Wet Brain Syndrome: The Outlook
Wet brain syndrome MUST be addressed quickly, else the manifestations cannot be undone. Worse still, the person affected by this condition has a very slim chance of surviving.
Thankfully, most conditions of wet brain syndrome. For instance, sight and speech issues, unstable walking, and disarray or mania may be slowed down, eliminated, or turned around if dealt with quickly with thiamine dietary supplements.
The neglected alcoholic wet brain syndrome may set off problems like long-term alcoholic neuropathy. This can induce a multitude of serious manifestations. For instance, issues in swallowing and talking, erectile dysfunction, sickness, incontinence, and IBS or looseness of the bowels.
Neglected Wernicke Encephalopathy Outlook
Regrettably, wet brain outlook is gloomy for people who have formed Korsakoff psychosis. For instance, conditions like amnesia are typically irreversible. The serious brain damage that has formed into Korsakoff psychosis results in mental decay. Sadly, death from Wet Brain Syndrome is not unheard of.
The last stages of wet brain are coma and sudden death.
The Costs of Wet Brain Disease Therapy.
Wet brain syndrome must be dealt with at a healthcare facility. Where physicians can keep an eye on issues and manage medications appropriately. The price of therapy depends upon the duration of stay in the medical facility, which, consequently, depends upon the seriousness of conditions.
In some cases, alcoholics with thiamine deficiency and/or moderate indicators of Wernicke encephalopathy are released inside a week. This is after they have been given IV thiamine.
Individuals who have formed Korsakoff psychosis need lengthier stays. Plus comprehensive physical and cognitive rehab to strengthen conditions like poor muscle control. The period of the medical facility stay also raises if individuals have problems like poor nutrition, liver damage, and heart disease.
After being treated for thiamine deficiency, often clients are released to be taken care of in an assisted living home. These are people who might need assistance eating, getting around the house, or taking a bath.
At other times, individuals who display psychological conditions like mental deterioration will go to a specialized psychological therapy facility.
Why is thiamine deficiency prevalent in problem drinkers?
Thiamine shortage prevails to drinkers since they typically listen to signs of cravings rather than a hunger for food. Even when hard drinkers do not evade eating. Drinking sizable quantities of alcohol frequently may cause the body to have trouble absorbing nutrients.
The solution is often prolonged and expensive. This is because thiamine deficiency shows up with a group of coinciding conditions. For that reason, it is essential that doctors together with drinkers and their loved ones learn to recognize the symptoms of wet brain syndrome and find treatment quickly.
Individuals who drink alcohol routinely should take frequent thiamine supplements. The best way to stop wet brain syndrome is to learn how to stop drinking and commit to sobriety. Plus to commit to a healthy and well-balanced eating plan.
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