March 15, 2023
Stop Drinking Expert Review

What Is Alcoholism: The Shocking Ways It Effects The Body And Mind


Alcoholism is a serious and pervasive issue that impacts millions of individuals and families worldwide. It is not only a social problem but a medical condition that has severe consequences on both the body and mind. In this article, we will explore what alcoholism is, the different types of alcoholism, and its shocking effects on the body and mind.

What is Alcoholism?

Alcoholism, also known as alcohol use disorder (AUD), is a chronic disease characterized by an uncontrollable urge to consume alcohol, despite the negative consequences it has on one’s health, personal life, and social functioning. It involves a physical and psychological dependence on alcohol, which leads to a range of health problems and emotional difficulties.

Types of Alcoholism

There are two main types of alcoholism: binge drinking and chronic alcoholism. Binge drinking is the consumption of large amounts of alcohol in a short period, while chronic alcoholism refers to the consistent and long-term use of alcohol. Both types can lead to serious health issues and impact the individual’s quality of life.

Effects of Alcoholism on the Body

The liver is responsible for breaking down and eliminating alcohol from the body. Excessive alcohol consumption can cause severe liver damage, leading to life-threatening conditions such as:

Alcoholic Hepatitis

This is an inflammation of the liver, which can lead to liver failure if left untreated. Symptoms include jaundice, abdominal pain, and fatigue.


Cirrhosis is the scarring of the liver, impairing its ability to function properly. It can result in liver failure and requires a transplant in severe cases.

Cardiovascular System

Alcoholism can have detrimental effects on the cardiovascular system, including:

High Blood Pressure

Consistent alcohol consumption can lead to increased blood pressure, increasing the risk of heart disease, heart attack, and kidney disease.


Heavy drinking increases the risk of both ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes due to the interference with blood clotting mechanisms and the weakening of blood vessels.

Digestive System

Alcoholism can cause inflammation and damage to the digestive system, leading to conditions such as gastritis, ulcers, and pancreatitis. It can also interfere with nutrient absorption, causing malnutrition and vitamin deficiencies.

Immune System

Chronic alcohol consumption weakens the immune system, making individuals more susceptible to infections and diseases. It can impair the body’s ability to fight off pathogens and increase the risk of developing certain types of cancer.

Reproductive System

Alcoholism can negatively affect the reproductive system in both men and women. In men, it can lead to erectile dysfunction, reduced testosterone levels, and infertility. In women, it can cause irregular menstrual cycles, infertility, and an increased risk of miscarriage.

Effects of Alcoholism on the Mind

Mental Health Issues

Alcoholism can contribute to the development of various mental health issues, such as:


There is a strong link between alcoholism and depression, as alcohol can exacerbate depressive symptoms and vice versa. The two conditions often co-occur, creating a vicious cycle that can be difficult to break.


Alcohol consumption can temporarily relieve anxiety symptoms; however, it can also worsen anxiety in the long run, leading to increased alcohol dependence as individuals self-medicate to alleviate their anxiety.

Cognitive Impairment

Chronic alcohol consumption can lead to cognitive impairment and memory problems. It can cause brain damage, resulting in difficulties with learning, memory, and decision-making. This damage can be irreversible in severe cases.

Addiction and Dependence

Alcoholism is characterized by addiction and dependence on alcohol. This dependence can lead to physical withdrawal symptoms, such as tremors, seizures, and hallucinations when alcohol consumption is reduced or stopped. Despite the negative consequences, psychological dependence can manifest as an overwhelming desire to drink.


Alcoholism is a complex and pervasive issue that affects not only the individual but also their family, friends, and society at large. The shocking ways it impacts the body and mind should serve as a stark reminder of the dangers of excessive alcohol consumption. It is crucial to raise awareness of alcoholism and promote prevention and treatment strategies to help those affected by this devastating disease.


1. Can alcoholism be cured?

While there is no definitive cure for alcoholism, it can be managed and treated through a combination of therapy, support groups, and, in some cases, medications. Long-term recovery requires commitment and lifestyle changes.

2. Is alcoholism hereditary?

Genetics can play a role in an individual’s risk of developing alcoholism. However, environmental factors, such as upbringing and social influences, also contribute to the development of this disorder.

3. How can I help a loved one who is struggling with alcoholism?

It’s essential to approach the situation with empathy and understanding. Encourage them to seek professional help, attend support groups, and consider joining a group for family members of alcoholics to learn more about the disease and how to support your loved one.

4. What are the early warning signs of alcoholism?

Early warning signs can include increased tolerance to alcohol, drinking to cope with stress or emotions, neglecting responsibilities, and experiencing withdrawal symptoms when not drinking.

5. Are some people more prone to developing alcoholism than others?

Yes, factors such as genetics, environment, mental health, and social influences can all contribute to an individual’s susceptibility to developing alcoholism. Understanding these risk factors can help with prevention and early intervention efforts.

6. What treatment options are available for individuals with alcoholism?

Treatment options for alcoholism include inpatient and outpatient rehabilitation programs, therapy (such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, family therapy, and motivational interviewing), support groups (like Alcoholics Anonymous), and medications (such as disulfiram, naltrexone, and acamprosate) to help manage cravings and withdrawal symptoms.

7. How does alcoholism impact an individual’s family and social life?

Alcoholism can strain relationships with family and friends, leading to social isolation and increased conflict. It can also contribute to financial problems, job loss, and legal issues, further affecting the individual’s support system and social life.

8. Can someone recover from alcohol-related brain damage?

Recovery from alcohol-related brain damage depends on the severity and duration of alcohol abuse. In some cases, cognitive functions can improve with abstinence from alcohol and a healthy lifestyle. However, in severe cases, brain damage may be permanent.

9. How can one reduce the risk of developing alcoholism?

To reduce the risk of developing alcoholism, it is essential to consume alcohol in moderation. Establishing healthy coping mechanisms for stress, maintaining a strong support network, and seeking help if you notice early warning signs of alcoholism can also help prevent the disorder.

10. Can alcoholism lead to other substance abuse disorders?

Yes, alcoholism can increase the risk of developing other substance abuse disorders, as individuals may turn to additional substances to cope with the negative effects of alcohol. This is known as polydrug use and can exacerbate health issues and complicate treatment.

Citations and References

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
  2. Bouchery, E. E., Harwood, H. J., Sacks, J. J., Simon, C. J., & Brewer, R. D. (2011). Economic costs of excessive alcohol consumption in the U.S., 2006. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 41(5), 516-524. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2011.06.045
  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020). Fact Sheets – Alcohol Use and Your Health. Retrieved from
  4. Fama, R., & Sullivan, E. V. (2014). Alcohol and the Nervous System. In Handbook of Clinical Neurology (Vol. 125, pp. 557-571). Elsevier. doi:10.1016/B978-0-444-62619-6.00032-1
  5. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. (2021). Alcohol Use Disorder. Retrieved from
  6. Rehm, J., Room, R., & Taylor, B. (2008). Method for moderation: Measuring lifetime risk of alcohol-attributable mortality as a basis for drinking guidelines. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 17(3), 141-151. doi:10.1002/mpr.259
  7. Rehm, J., Shield, K. D., Gmel, G., Rehm, M. X., & Frick, U. (2013). Modeling the impact of alcohol dependence on mortality burden and the effect of available treatment interventions in the European Union. European Neuropsychopharmacology, 23(2), 89-97. doi:10.1016/j.euroneuro.2012.08.001
  8. Stavro, K., Pelletier, J., & Potvin, S. (2012). Widespread and sustained cognitive deficits in alcoholism: A meta-analysis. Addiction Biology, 18(2), 203-213. doi:10.1111/j.1369-1600.2011.00418.x
  9. World Health Organization. (2018). Global status report on alcohol and health 2018. Retrieved from
  10. Zakhari, S. (2006). Overview: How is alcohol metabolized by the body? Alcohol Research & Health, 29(4), 245-254. Retrieved from
About the Stop drinking expert

Craig Beck ABNLP. ABHYP. DhP. ICS. has been a professional alcohol cessation therapist since 2010. He has helped over 250,000 problem drinkers using his personal experience and professional training in the field of addiction recovery.

After struggling with his own alcohol addiction issues, Craig went on a journey of self-discovery and learning, studying the underlying causes of alcohol use disorders and how to overcome them. He has since become a board-certified Master Practitioner of NLP (Neuro-Linguistic Programming), The American Board of Hypnotherapy certified therapist, and an ICS-certified life coach specializing in alcohol addiction recovery.

Craig's personal experience with alcoholism gives him a unique perspective on the challenges of quitting drinking and staying sober. He understands the emotional and psychological factors contributing to addiction and knows how to help people overcome them.

In addition, Craig's formal training and certifications provide him with the knowledge and skills to develop effective strategies and techniques for addiction recovery. The Stop Drinking Expert approach to alcohol addiction uses a unique combination of CBT techniques and NLP reframing.

Craig's qualifications are evident in his successful track record helping people quit drinking. Craig Beck is the author of several alcohol addiction books, such as "Alcohol Lied to Me" and "The Alcohol Illusion".
His website,, provides a comprehensive guide on how to quit drinking, including practical tips, strategies, and resources for recovery.

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