March 12, 2023
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The 12 Steps of AA REVEALED

Alcoholics Anonymous, or AA, is an international organization that aims to help individuals struggling with alcohol addiction. The program consists of a series of principles and steps that members are encouraged to follow in order to achieve sobriety and maintain long-term recovery. In this article, we will delve into the 12 steps of AA and provide a comprehensive understanding of each step.

What are the 12 Steps of AA?

The 12 steps of AA are a set of guidelines designed to help individuals overcome alcohol addiction. The steps are based on a spiritual approach and encourage individuals to surrender their addiction to a higher power, take personal responsibility for their actions, and make amends for any harm caused to others.

Step 1: Admitting Powerlessness

The first step of AA is admitting powerlessness over alcohol. This means acknowledging that alcohol has become unmanageable and that it is impossible to control the urge to drink.

Step 2: Believing in a Higher Power

The second step involves believing in a higher power that can provide guidance and support throughout the recovery process. This higher power can be anything that the individual believes in, such as God, the universe, or their own inner strength.

Step 3: Turning Over Control

The third step involves turning over control to the higher power. This means relinquishing the desire to control every aspect of one’s life and allowing the higher power to guide them in the right direction.

Step 4: Conducting a Moral Inventory

The fourth step involves taking a personal inventory of one’s past behavior and acknowledging any wrongs that have been committed. This step is important in order to move forward and make amends for past mistakes.

Step 5: Confessing Wrongs

The fifth step involves confessing the wrongs that have been committed to oneself, a higher power, and another individual. This step is essential in order to take responsibility for one’s actions and begin the process of making amends.

Step 6: Becoming Willing to Change

The sixth step involves becoming willing to change and letting go of negative behaviors and attitudes that contribute to addiction.

Step 7: Asking for Help

The seventh step involves asking for help from the higher power to remove character defects and negative traits that hinder progress in recovery.

Step 8: Making a List of Wrongs

The eighth step involves making a list of individuals who have been harmed by past behavior and becoming willing to make amends for any harm caused.

Step 9: Making Amends

The ninth step involves making direct amends to the individuals who have been harmed by past behavior, except when doing so would cause harm to them or others.

Step 10: Continual Self-Reflection

The tenth step involves continual self-reflection and taking personal responsibility for one’s actions on a daily basis.

Step 11: Seeking Spiritual Connection

The eleventh step involves seeking a spiritual connection with the higher power through prayer and meditation.

Step 12: Helping Others

The twelfth and final step involves carrying the message of AA to others who are struggling with addiction and helping them to achieve sobriety.


The 12 steps of AA provide a framework for individuals struggling with alcohol addiction to achieve sobriety and maintain long-term recovery. Each step is essential in order to overcome addiction and live a healthy, fulfilling life. By following the principles of AA and seeking support from a higher power, individuals can take control of their lives and achieve lasting recovery.

Stop Drinking Expert and Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) are two different approaches to treating alcohol addiction, and each approach has its own strengths and limitations.

Stop Drinking Expert is a program that utilizes hypnotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and other techniques to help individuals overcome alcohol addiction. The program is designed to be flexible and tailored to the individual’s specific needs and preferences. Stop Drinking Expert claims to offer a more modern, evidence-based approach to addiction treatment.

On the other hand, AA is an international organization that has helped countless individuals overcome alcohol addiction through its 12-step program. AA is a fellowship that provides support and guidance to individuals in recovery and emphasizes the importance of a spiritual approach to addiction treatment. AA is widely recognized as a successful approach to treating alcohol addiction and has been effective for many individuals.

While both Stop Drinking Expert and AA have their own strengths and limitations, it is important for individuals to choose the treatment approach that works best for them. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the most appropriate treatment approach for an individual’s specific needs and circumstances.

Ultimately, the effectiveness of any treatment approach depends on the individual’s commitment to the program, the quality of the program, and the individual’s specific needs and circumstances. Therefore, it is important to choose a treatment approach that aligns with the individual’s personal preferences, values, and needs, and to work closely with a healthcare professional to ensure that the individual receives the best possible care.


  1. Is AA the only way to overcome alcohol addiction? No, AA is one approach to overcoming alcohol addiction, but many other programs and methods are also available.
  2. Are the 12 steps of AA based on a specific religion? The 12 steps of AA are not based on any specific religion but are rather based on a spiritual approach that can be interpreted in a variety of ways.
  3. Can the 12 steps of AA be modified to fit individual beliefs? Yes, the 12 steps of AA can be modified to fit individual beliefs and preferences, as long as they follow the program’s basic principles.
  4. Do individuals have to complete all 12 steps in order to achieve sobriety? No, individuals do not necessarily have to complete all 12 steps to achieve sobriety, but following the full program for long-term recovery is recommended.
  5. Is AA a confidential program? Yes, AA is a confidential program; members are encouraged to maintain anonymity to protect their privacy and respect the privacy of others.


Alcoholics Anonymous World Services. (2014). The Twelve Steps of Alcoholics Anonymous. Retrieved from

Kelly, J. F., & Yeterian, J. D. (2015). Empirical awakenings: The new science on mutual aid and recovery. Alcohol research: current reviews, 37(1), 1-8. doi: 10.1037/a0039720

Tonigan, J. S., Miller, W. R., & Schermer, C. (2002). Atheists, agnostics and Alcoholics Anonymous. Journal of studies on alcohol, 63(5), 534-541. doi: 10.15288/jsa.2002.63.534

White, W. L., & Kurtz, E. (Eds.). (2012). AA Comes of Age: A Brief History of A. A. Hazelden Publishing.


  • Alcoholics Anonymous World Services (2014) states that the first step of AA involves admitting powerlessness over alcohol.
  • According to Kelly and Yeterian (2015), the 12 steps of AA are based on a spiritual approach that encourages individuals to surrender their addiction to a higher power.
  • Tonigan, Miller, and Schermer (2002) suggest that the 12 steps of AA can be modified to fit individual beliefs, including those of atheists and agnostics.
  • White and Kurtz (2012) provide a historical overview of AA and its evolution over time.

In-text citations can be included in the body of the article, while the full references should be listed in alphabetical order in the reference section at the end of the article.

About the Stop drinking expert

Craig Beck ABNLP. ABHYP. DhP. ICS. has been a professional alcohol cessation therapist since 2010. He has helped over 250,000 problem drinkers using his personal experience and professional training in the field of addiction recovery.

After struggling with his own alcohol addiction issues, Craig went on a journey of self-discovery and learning, studying the underlying causes of alcohol use disorders and how to overcome them. He has since become a board-certified Master Practitioner of NLP (Neuro-Linguistic Programming), The American Board of Hypnotherapy certified therapist, and an ICS-certified life coach specializing in alcohol addiction recovery.

Craig's personal experience with alcoholism gives him a unique perspective on the challenges of quitting drinking and staying sober. He understands the emotional and psychological factors contributing to addiction and knows how to help people overcome them.

In addition, Craig's formal training and certifications provide him with the knowledge and skills to develop effective strategies and techniques for addiction recovery. The Stop Drinking Expert approach to alcohol addiction uses a unique combination of CBT techniques and NLP reframing.

Craig's qualifications are evident in his successful track record helping people quit drinking. Craig Beck is the author of several alcohol addiction books, such as "Alcohol Lied to Me" and "The Alcohol Illusion".
His website,, provides a comprehensive guide on how to quit drinking, including practical tips, strategies, and resources for recovery.

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